Chiesa di Sant' Andrea al Quirinale
The church of the Jesuit novitiate in Rome is located at Via del Quirinale 29.
In the first chapel to the left of the high altar (the Cappella della Crocifisso) is the tomb of King Charles IV (King Charles Emanuel IV of Sardinia). The funerary monument was commissioned by his younger brother, King Charles Felix of Sardinia. The monument was designed by Felice Festa.1
The base is a polychrome marble plinth decorated with the arms of Savoy surmounted by a royal crown and surrounded with the collar of the Supreme Order of the Annunciation. To the left of the arms is a sprig of oak leaves and acorns; to the right of the arms is a sprig of olive leaves and berries. Atop the polychrome marble plinth stands a white marble stele with an inscription. Atop the stele is a bust of the king. To the left of the stele is an angel who bears the Jesuit monogram (IHS) on his breast; to the right, a mourning woman holding in her right hand a gold crown of thorns. The Latin inscription authored by Carlo Boucheron 2 is highly abbreviated: 3
R · VICT · AMED · F · R · KAR · EMM · N ·
R · VICT · AM · PRON · SABAVDUS · REX
SARDINIAE · CYP · HIER · N · AVG · TAVR ·
VIII · K · IVN · A · MDCCLI · REGNVM
ADEPTVS · TEMP · INIQVIS · SANCTE
GESSIT · AN · SEX · CLOTILDE · F · VEN ·
VIDVATVS · ABDICAVIT · A · MDCCCII ·
PRIVATVS · VITAM · VIXIT · OMNIBVS
VIRTVTIB · REFERTAM · VTI · VERO · SE
VNI · DEO · MANCIPARET · PACATVM
SECESSVM · APVD · SOD · IGNAT · SIBI
DELEGIT · DEMVM · PLVRIMO · MORBO
TACTVS · ANIMO · INVICTVS · VITA
CESSIT · PR · NON · OCT · MDCCCXVIII ·
H · S · E · VESTITV · AMICTVS · VT · IPSE
IVSSIT · RELIGIOSO · POMPA · REGII
FVNERIS · T · VETITA · QUO · ETIAM
I>>I>> · SCVT · N · HOSPITI · SOD · LEG ·
REX · KAROLVS · FELIX
FRATRI · OPT · B · M · PIETATIS · CAVSSA
Upstairs in the parish offices hangs a portrait by an unknown artist of Charles IV. He is dressed as a Jesuit in black robes, resting his hands on a table next to a crown and a skull.
The church is open Wednesday to Monday from 8.00 a.m. to 12.00 noon, and from 4.00 p.m. to 7.00 p.m.; closed Tuesday. (Telephone: 39.06.4744801).
1 Maria Sofia Lilli, Aspetti dell'Arte Neoclassica: Sculture nelle Chiese Romane, 1780-1845 (Istituto nazionale di studi romani, 1991), 79. Felice Festa was born at Turin about 1768 and died in the same city in 1826. He designed and sculpted several tombs for the House of Savoy, including those of Charles IV's younger brothers Prince Maurice of Savoy, Duke of Montferrat (1762-1799) in the cathedral of Alghero, Sardinia, and Prince Giuseppe of Savoy, Count of Asti (1766-1802) in the cathedral of Sassari, Sardinia, as well as the tomb of Charles IV's uncle and brother-in-law, Prince Benedetto of Savoy, Duke of Chablais (1741-1808) formerly in the church of San Nicolo dei Cesarini in Rome, and since 1926 in the Basilica di Superga in Turin. Festa also sculpted a bust of Charles IV's wife Queen Clotilde of Sardinia, now in the Palazzo Reale in Turin. According to one source - G. Giachia and G. Matthiae, S. Andrea al Quirinale (Rome: Marietti, 1969), 57 - the tomb of Charles IV was designed by Angelo Testa, but this is certainly incorrect.
2 Carlo Emanuele Maria Boucheron was born at Turin in 1773, and died in the same city in 1838. He taught Greek and Latin at the university in Turin.
3 The unabbreviated text is as follows:
R(EGIS) VICT(ORII) AMED(EI) F(ILIVS) R(EGIS) KAR(OLI) EMM(ANVELIS III) N(EPOS)
R(EGIS) VICT(ORII) AM(EDEI) PRON(EPOS) SABAVDUS REX
SARDINIAE CYP(RI) HIER(OSOLYMAE) N(ATVS) AVG(VSTAE) TAVR(INORUM)
VIII. K(ALENDAS) IVN(IAS) A(NNO) MDCCLI REGNVM
ADEPTUS TEMP(ORIBUS) INIQVIS SANCTE
GESSIT AN(NOS) SEX CLOTILDE F(EMINA) VEN(ERABILI)
VIVATUS ABDICAVIT A(NNO) MDCCCII
PRIVATUS VITAM VIXIT OMNIBVS
VIRTVTIB(VS) REFERTAM. VTI VERO SE
VNI DEO MANCIPARET PACATVM
SECESSVM APVD SOD(ALES) IGNAT(IANOS) SIBI
DELEGIT DEMVM PLVRIMO MORBO
TACTVS ANIMO INVICTVS VITA
CESSIT PR(IDIE) NON(AS) OCT(OBRES) MDCCCXVIII
H(EIC) S(EPVLTUS) E(ST) VESTITV AMICTVS VT IPSE
IVSSIT RELIGIOSO POMPA REGII
FVNERIS T(ESTAMENTO) VETITA QUO ETIAM
I>>I>> SCVT(ATORUM) N(VMMVM) HOSPITI SOD(ALITATI) LEG(AVIT)
REX KAROLVS FELIX
FRATRI OPT(IMO) B(ENE) M(ERENTI) PIETATIS CAUSSA
In the third to last line the number "I>>I>>" is a representation of the number "MM", where the second, third, fifth and sixth letters are backward letter "C"s; this is a not unusual way of displaying a Latin number.
Image 1 (Tomb of King Charles IV): © Noel S. McFerran 2001.
Image 2 (Bust of King Charles IV): © Noel S. McFerran 2001.
Image 3 (Tomb inscription): © Noel S. McFerran 2001.
Image 4 (Portrait of King Charles IV): © Noel S. McFerran 2004.