Chiesa di San Vincenzo
This church is located at Corso Canalgrande, 75 (on the main north-south street on the east side of the city). The church contains a number of tombs of members of the Royal Family. 1
In the right transept is the funerary monument of Queen Mary III and II (died 1840) erected by her son King Francis I. It was designed by Adeodata Malatesta and sculpted in marble by Luigi Mainoni. 2 At the centre is an angel standing guard in front of the queen's sarcophagus. On the wall behind is a relief portrait of the queen in profile. In the arch above is a relief of God the Father. Below the sarcophagus is a relief showing the virtues Faith, Hope, and Charity. The monument is surrounded by a wrought-iron fence designed by Mainoni and executed by Giuseppe Cavani. There is a Latin inscription: 3
MEMORIAE · ET · VIRTVTI
On the other side of the church, next to the pulpit, is the funerary monument of Prince Ferdinand (died 1849), younger son of Queen Mary III and II and father of Queen Mary IV and III. The monument, sculpted by Paolo Aleotti in 1859, 4 was originally placed in the Chiesa della Cittadella (closed in 1871).
The relief shows the Prince Ferdinand visiting the hospital where he contracted the cholera from which he died. Below the relief is a Latin inscription which records the incident:
FERDINANDO KAROLO VICTORIO AVSTRIACO ATESTINO ARCHIDVCI AVSTR.
To the left of the monument to Queen Mary III and II is a door which leads towards the sacristy and the octagonal Cappella Funebre degli Estensi e degli Austro-Estensi. Outside the funerary chapel is a memorial to Duchess Laura of Modena, mother-in-law of King James II and VII; it bears a Latin inscription:
V. + I.
The funerary chapel was built in 1836 by Duke Francis IV of Modena (husband of Queen Mary III and II) for the mortal remains of his family and those of the Este dukes of Modena. Here are located the tombs of Queen Mary III and II (died 1840), her husband Duke Francis IV of Modena (died 1846), her younger son Prince Ferdinand (died 1849), and her granddaughter (only daughter of King Francis I) Princess Anna (died 1849).
The tomb of Queen Mary III and II is marked with the following Latin inscription:
A · · Ω
The tomb of Duke Francis IV of Modena (husband of Queen Mary III and II) is marked with the following Latin inscription:
HEIC · SITVS · EST
The tomb of Prince Ferdinand (younger son of Queen Mary III and II) is marked with the following Latin inscription:
A · · Ω
The tomb of Princess Anna (only daughter of King Francis I) is marked with the following Latin inscription:
Also buried here are the parents of Queen Mary Beatrice (wife of King James II and VII): Duke Alfonso IV of Modena (died 1662) and his wife Duchess Laura Martinozzi (died 1687; her remains were moved here in 1925 from the former convent of the Salesians).
In his will King Francis I left a bequest to the Church for five masses to be said for his soul each year. 5
1 Patrizia Belloi and Elis Colombini, Guida di Modena: manuale per l'uso storico artistico della città utile al modenese e al viaggiatore (Modena: Elis Colombini, 1992), http://www.colombinieditore.it/GdM/GdM.html.
2 Luigi Mainoni was born in Scandiano in 1804 and died in Modena in 1853. For over twenty years he was professor of sculpture at the Accademia Atestina di Belle Arti in Modena.
3 The text of this inscription and of the others in the Chiesa di San Vincenzo is taken from Alois Jahn, Die Grabstätten der Habsburger und der mit Ihnen Verwandten Häuser ausserhalb Österreichs, Das Haus Habsburg, Band II, Teil 3 (Privately printed, 2001).
4 Paolo Aleotti was born in 1813, and died in 1881.
5 Teodoro Bayard De Volo, Vita di Francesco V, Duca di Modena (l8l9-l875) (Modena : Tipografia dell' Imaculata Concezione, 1878).
Image 1 (Monument to Queen Mary III and II): © Noel S. McFerran 2004.
Image 2 (Monument to Prince Ferdinand): © Noel S. McFerran 2004.
Image 3 (Monument to Duchess Laura of Modena): © Noel S. McFerran 2004.
Image 4 (Cappella Funebre): unknown source.
Image 5 (Tomb of Queen Mary III and II): © Noel S. McFerran 2004.
Image 6 (Tomb of Duke Francis IV of Modena): © Noel S. McFerran 2004.
Image 7 (Tomb of Prince Ferdinand): © Noel S. McFerran 2004.
Image 8 (Tomb of Princess Anna): © Noel S. McFerran 2004.